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Job Strain literature

The following references are from the recent review article of the ‘job strain’ literature by Peter Schnall, Paul Landsbergis and Dean Baker, titled ‘Job strain and cardiovascular disease’, which appeared in the Annual Review of Public Health; 15:381-411, 1994. The references numbered 121 and greater are an addendum to this article and will be updated periodically.

  1. Abramson LY, Seligman MEP, Teasdale JD. 1978. Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulation. J Abnormal Psychol 87:49-74.
  2. Akerstedt T, Knutsson A, Alfredsson L, Theorell T. 1984. Shift work and cardiovascular disease. Scand J Work Environ Health 10:409-14.
  3. Albright CL, Winkleby MA, Ragland DR, Fisher J, Syme SL. 1992. Job strain and prevalence of hypertension in a biracial population or urban bus drivers. Am J Public Health 82:984-89.
  4. Alfredsson L, Karasek RA, Theorell T. 1982. Myocardial infarction risk and psychosocial work environment: An analysis of the male Swedish working force. Soc Sci Med 16:463-67.
  5. Alfredsson L, Spetz CL, Theorell T. 1985. Type of occupation and near-future hospitalization for myocardial infarction and some other diagnoses. Int J Epidemiol 14:378-88.
  6. Alfredsson L, Theorell T. 1983. Job characteristics of occupations and myocardial infarction risk: Effect of possible confounding factors. Soc Sci Med 17:1497-1503.
  7. American Heart Association. 1992. 1993 Heart and Stroke Facts. Dallas, TX: American Heart Association.
  8. Astrand NE, Hanson BS, Isacson SO. 1989. Job demands, job decision latitude, job support, and social network factors as predictors of mortality in a Swedish pulp and paper company. Br J Ind Med 46:334-40.
  9. Baker DB. 1985. The study of stress at work. Ann Rev Pub Health 6:367-81.
  10. Bongers PM, deWinter RR, Kompier MAJ, Hildebrandt VH. Psychosocial factors at work and musculoskeletal disease: A review of the literature. Scand J Work Environ Health. In press
  11. Brandt LPA, Nielson CV. 1992. Job stress and adverse outcome of pregnancy: A causal link or recall bias? Am J Epidemiol 135:302-11.
  12. Brenner MH. 1987. Economic change, alcohol consumption and heart disease mortality in nine industrialized countries. Soc Sci Med 25:119-32.
  13. Brett K, Strogatz D, Savitz D. 1991. Occupational stress and low birth weight delivery. Presented at the 24th Annual Meeting of the Society of Epidemiological Research, Buffalo, NY. Am J Epidemiol 134:722-23.
  14. Buring JE, Evans DA, Fiore M, Rosner B, Hennekens CH. 1987. Occupations and risks of death from coronary heart disease. JAMA 258:791-92.
  15. Caplan RD, CobbS, French JRP Jr, Van Harrison R, Pinneau SR Jr. 1975. Job demands and worker health. Cincinnati, OH: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (Publication No. 75-160)
  16. Cardiovascular diseases. 1985. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 34.
  17. Carrere S, Evans GW, Palsane MN, Rivas M. 1991. Job strain and occupational stress among urban public transit operators. J Occup Psychol 64:305-16.
  18. Chapman A, Mandryk JA, Frommer MS, Edye BV, Ferguson DA. 1990. Chronic perceived work stress and blood pressure among Australian government employees. Scand J Work Eviron Health 16:258-69.
  19. Cohen S. 1988. Psychosocial models of the role of social support in the etiology of physical disease. Health Psychol 7:269-97.
  20. Costa PT, McCrae RR. 1985. Hypochondriasis, neuroticism, and aging: When are somatic complaints unfounded? Am Psychologist 40:19-28.
  21. Cottington EM, Matthews KA, Talbott E, Kuller LH. 1986. Occupational stress, suppressed anger, and hypertension. Psychosom Med 48:249-60.
  22. Department of Labor, State of New Jersey. 1988. Employment projections. Volume II: Occupational outlook for New Jersey and selected areas 1986-2000. Trenton, NJ: Department of Labor.
  23. Diamond EL. 1982. The role of anger and hostility in essential hypertension and coronary heart disease. Psychol Bull 92:410-33.
  24. Falk A, Hanson BS, Isacsson S-O, Ostergren P-O. 1992. Job strain and mortality in elderly men: Social network, support, and influence as buffers. Am J Public Health 82:1136-39.
  25. Frankenhauser M. 1989. A biopsychosocial approach to work life issues. Int J Health Services 19:747-58.
  26. Frankenhauser M, Johansson G. 1986. Stress at work: Psychobiological and psychosocial aspects. Int Review Appl Psychol 35:287-99.
  27. Friedman HS, Booth-Kewley S. 1987. The ‘disease-prone personality’. Am Psychol 42:539-55.
  28. Ganster DC. 1989. Worker control and well-being: A review of research in the workplace. In Job Control and Worker Health, eds. S. L. Sauter, J. J. Hurrell, C. L. Cooper, 3-23. New York: Wiley.
  29. Georges E, Wear ML, Mueller WH. 1992. Body fat distribution and job stress in Mexican-American men of the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Am J Human Biol 4:657-67.
  30. Gertler MM, White PD. 1976. Coagulation factors and coronary heart disease: A 25-year study in retrospect. Oradell, NJ: Medical Economics.
  31. Green KL, Johnson JV. 1990. The effects of psychosocial work organization on patterns of cigarette smoking among male chemical plant employees. Am J Public Health 80:1368-71.
  32. Haan MN. 1988. Job strain and ischaemic heart disease: An epidemiological study of metal workers. Ann Clin Res 20:143-45.
  33. Haft JJ. 1974. Cardiovascular injury induced by sympathetic catecholamines. Prog Cardiovasc Dis 17:73-86.
  34. Hall EM. 1992. Double exposure: The combined impact of the home and work environments on psychosomatic strain in Swedish men and women. Int J Health Services 22:239-60.
  35. Hammar N, Alfreddson L, Theorell T. 1993. Job characteristics and incidence of myocardial infarction: A study of men and women in Sweden, with particular reference to job strain. Int J Epidemiol. In press
  36. Haratani T, Kawakami N, Araki S. 1992. Job stress and cardiovascular risk factors in a Japanese working population. Presented at the 9th International Symposium on Epidemiology in Occupational Health, Cincinnati, OH. .
  37. Harenstam A, Theorell T. 1988. Work conditions and urinary excretion of catecholamines: A study of prison staff in Sweden. Scand J Work Env Health 14:257-64.
  38. Haynes SG, LaCroix AZ, Lippin T. 1987. The effect of high job demands and low control on the health of employed women. In Work Stress: Health Care Systems in the Workplace, ed. J. C. Quick. New York: Praeger Scientific Publishers.
  39. He J, Klag MJ, Whelton PK. et al. 1991. Migration, blood pressure pattern, and hypertension: The Yi Migrant Study. Am J Epidemiol 134:1085-1101.
  40. Henry JP, Stephens PM. 1977. Stress, health and the social environment: A sociobiologic approach to medicine. New York: Springer-Verlag.
  41. House JS. 1981. Work stress and social support. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
  42. House JS, Landis KR, Umberson D. 1988. Social relationships and health. Science 241:540-45.
  43. Hurrell JJ, McLaney MA. 1988. Exposure to job stress — A new psychometric instrument. Scand J Work Environ Health 14(suppl 1):27-28.
  44. International Labor Office. 1992. Conditions of Work Digest: Preventing Stress at Work. Geneva, Switzerland: International Labor Office.
  45. Irvine MJ, Garner DM, Olmsted MP, Logan AG. 1989. Personality differences between hypertensive and normotensive individuals: Influence of knowledge of hypertenion status. Psychosom Med 51:537-41.
  46. Israel BA, Schurman SJ, House JS. 1989. Action research on occupational stress: Involving workers as researchers. Int J Health Services 19:135-55.
  47. Johnson JV. 1989. Collective control: Strategies for survival in the workplace. Int J Health Services 19:469-80.
  48. Johnson JV, Hall EM. 1988. Job strain, work place social support, and cardiovascular disease: A cross-sectional study of a random sample of the Swedish working population. Am J Public Health 78:1336-42.
  49. Johnson JV, Hall EM, Theorell T. 1989. Combined effects of job strain and social isolation on cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality in a random sample of the Swedish male working population. Scand J Work Eviron Health 15:271-79.
  50. Johnson JV, Stewart W. 1993. Measuring work organization exposure over the life course with a job-exposure matrix. Scand J Work Environ Health 19:21-28.
  51. Karasek RA. 1979. Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: Implications for job redesign. Administrative Science Q. 24:285-308.
  52. Karasek RA. 1990. Lower health risk with increased job control among white collar workers. J Organiza Behav 11:171-85.
  53. Karasek RA, Baker D, Marxer F, Ahlbom A, Theorell T. 1981. Job decision latitude, job demands, and cardiovascular disease: A prospective study of Swedish men. Am J Public Health 71:694-705.
  54. Karasek RA, Gardell B, Lindell J. 1987. Work and non-work correlates of illness and behaviour in male and female Swedish white collar workers. J Occup Behav 8:187-207.
  55. Karasek RA, Gordon G, Pietrokovsky C, Frese M, Pieper C, Schwartz J, Fry L, Schirer D. 1985. Job Content Instrument: Questionnaire and User’s Guide. Los Angeles, CA: University of Southern California.
  56. Karasek RA, Russell RS, Theorell T. 1982. Physiology of stress and regeneration in job related cardiovascular illness. J Human Stress 8:29-42.
  57. Karasek RA, Theorell T. 1990. Healthy Work. New York: Basic Books.
  58. Karasek RA, Theorell T, Schwartz JE, Schnall PL, Pieper CF, Michela JL. 1988. Job characteristics in relation to the prevalence of myocardial infarction in the US Health Examination Survey (HES) and the Health and Nutrition Survey (HANES). Am J Public Health 78:910-18.
  59. Karasek RA, Triantis KP, Chaudry SS. 1982. Coworker and supervisor support as moderators of associations between task characteristics and mental strain. J Occup Behav 3:181-200.
  60. Kasl SV, Cobb S. 1983. Variability of stress effects among men experiencing job loss. In Handbook of Stress, eds. L. Goldberger, S. Breznitz, 445-65. New York: The Free Press.
  61. Kawakami HS, Hyashi T, Matsumoto T. 1989. Relationship between perceived job stress and glycosylated hemoglobin in white-collar workers. Ind Health 27:149-54.
  62. Kjeldsen SE, Eide I, Aakesson I, Leren P. 1983. Increased arterial catecholamine concentrations in 50-year-old men with essential hypertension. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 43:343-49.
  63. Knox S, Svensson J, Waller D, Theorell T. 1988. Emotional coping and the psychophysiological substrates of elevated blood pressure. Behav Med 2:52-58.
  64. Knox S, Theorell T, Svensson J, Waller D. 1988. The relation of social support and working environment to medical variables associated with elevated blood pressure in young males: A structural model. Soc Sci Med 21:525-31.
  65. Kohn ML, Schooler C. 1982. Job conditions and personality: A longitudinal assessment of their reciprocal effects. Am J Sociol 87:1257-86.
  66. Kristensen TS. 1989. Cardiovascular diseases and the work environment. A critical review of the epidemiologic literature on chemical factors. Scand J Work Environ Health 15:245-64.
  67. LaCroix AZ. 1984. High demand/low control work and the incidence of CHD in the Framingham Cohort. PhD Thesis. Univ. North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
  68. LaCroix AZ, Haynes SG. 1987. Chest pain in users of video display terminals (letter). JAMA 257:627-28.
  69. Landsbergis PA. 1991. Occupational stress and hypertension. Individual National Research Service Award. Bethesda, MD: National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
  70. Landsbergis PA, Schnall PL, Dietz D, Friedman R, Pickering TG. 1992. The patterning of psychological attributes and distress by job strain and social support in a sample of working men. J Behav Med 15:379-405.
  71. Landsbergis PA, Schnall PL, Schwartz JE, Warren K, Pickering TG. 1993. Job strain, hypertension and cardiovascular disease: A review of the empirical evidence and suggestions for further research. In Job Stress 2000: Emerging Issues, eds. S. Sauter, G. P. Keita. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. In press
  72. Landsbergis PA, Schurman S, Israel B, Schnall PL, Hugentobler M, Cahill J, Baker D. 1993. Job stress and heart disease: Evidence and strategies for prevention. New Solutions 3:42-58.
  73. Langosch W, Brodner B, Borcherding M. 1983. Psychosocial and vocational longterm outcomes of cardiac rehabilitation with postinfarction patients under the age of forty. Psychosom Med 40:115-28.
  74. Light KC, Turner JR, Hinderliter AL. 1992. Job strain and ambulatory work blood pressure in healthy young men and women. Hypertension 20:214-18.
  75. Litwin GH, Stringer RA. 1968. Motivation and Organizational Climate. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.
  76. Markowe HL, Marmot MG, Shipley MJ, Bulpitt CJ, Meade TW, Stirling Y, Vickers MV, Semmence A. 1985. Fibrinogen: A possible link between social class and coronary heart disease. Brit Med J 9:291-96.
  77. Marmot, M, Theorell T. 1991. Social class and cardiovascular disease: The contribution of work. In The psychosocial work environment: Work organization, democratization and health, eds. J. V. Johnson, G. Johansson, 33-48. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company.
  78. Matthews KA, Cottington EM, Talbott E, Kuller LH, Siegel JM. 1987. Stressful work conditions and diastolic blood pressure among blue collar factory workers. Am J Epidemiol 126:280-91.
  79. McCrae RR. 1990. Controlling neuroticism in the measurement of stress. Stress Med 6:237-41.
  80. Mensch BS, Kandel DB. 1988. Do job conditions influence the use of drugs. J Health Soc Behav 29:169-84.
  81. Meyer E, Derogatis LR, Miller M, Reading A. 1978. Hypertension and psychological distress. Psychosomatics 19:160-68.
  82. Moller L, Kristensen TS. 1991. Plasma fibrinogen and ischaemic heart disease risk factors. Arteriosclerosis and Thrombosis 11:344-50.
  83. Moller L, Kristensen TS, Hollnagel H. 1991. Social class and cardiovascular risk factors in Danish men. Scand J Soc Med 19:116-26.
  84. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. 1993. The Fifth Report of the Joint National Committee on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Bethesda, MD: National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. (NIH Publication No. 93-1088).
  85. Netterstrom B, Kristensen TS, Damsgaard MT, Olsen O, Sjol A. 1991. Job strain and cardiovascular risk factors: A cross sectional study of employed Danish men and women. Brit J Ind Med 48:684-89.
  86. Paffenberger RS, Hyde RT, Wing A, Hsieh C. 1986. Physical activity, all-cause mortality, and longevity of college alumni. New Eng J Med 314:605-13.
  87. Perski A, Olsson G, Landou C, deFaire U, Theorell T, Hamsten A. 1992. Minimum heart rate and coronary atherosclerosis: Independent relations to global severity and rate of progression of angiographic lesions in men with myocardial infarction at a young age. Am Heart J 123:609-16.
  88. Pickering TG. 1991. Ambulatory monitoring and blood presure variability. London: Science Press.
  89. Pieper C, LaCroix AZ, Karasek RA. 1989. The relation of psychosocial dimensions of work with coronary heart disease risk factors: A meta-analysis of five United States data bases. Am J Epidemiol 129:483-94.
  90. Pirkle JL, Schwartz J, Landis JR, Harlan WR. 1985. The relationship between blood lead levels and blood pressure and its cardiovascular risk implications. Am J Epidemiol 121:246-58.
  91. Pocock SJ, Shaper AG, Cook DG, Phillips AN, Walker M. 1987. Social class differences in ischaemic heart disease in British men. Lancet i:197-201.
  92. Reed DM, LaCroix AZ, Karasek RA, Miller FD, MacClean CA. 1989. Occupational strain and the incidence of coronary heart disease. Am J Epidemiol 129:495-502.
  93. Rosenman RH, Brand RJ, Sholtz RI, Friedman M. 1976. Multivariate prediction of coronary heart disease during 8.5 year follow-up in the Western Collaborative Group Study. Am J Cardiol 37:903-10.
  94. Rostrup M, Ekeberg O. 1992. Awareness of high blood pressure influences on psychological and sympathetic responses. J Psychosom Res 36:117-23.
  95. Sauter SL, Murphy LR, Hurrell JJ. 1990. Prevention of work related psychological disorders. Am Psychologist 45:1146-58.
  96. Schnall PL, Kern R. 1981. Hypertension in American society: An introduction to historical materialist epidemiology. In The Sociology of Health and Illness, eds. P. Conrad, R. Kern, 97-122. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
  97. Schnall PL, Landsbergis PA, Pieper CF, Schwartz J, Dietz D, Gerin W, Schlussel Y, Warren K, Pickering TG. 1992. The impact of anticipation of job loss on worksite blood pressure. Am J Indus Med 21:417-32.
  98. Schnall PL, Landsbergis PA, Schwartz JE, Warren K, Pickering TG. 1992. The relationship between job strain, ambulatory blood pressure and hypertension. Presented at the Ninth International Symposium on Epidemiology in Occupational Health, Cincinnati, OH.
  99. Schnall PL, Pieper C, Schwartz JE, Karasek RA, Schlussel Y, Devereux RB, Ganau A, Alderman M, Warren K, Pickering TG. 1990. The relationship between ‘job strain,’ workplace diastolic blood pressure, and left ventricular mass index: Results of a case-control study. JAMA 263:1929-35. Also, letter to the editor. JAMA 1992;267:1209.
  100. Schnall PL, Schwartz JE, Landsbergis PA, Warren K, Pickering TG. 1992. The relationship between job strain, alcohol and ambulatory blood pressure. Hypertension 19:488-94.
  101. Schwartz JE, Pieper CF, Karasek RA. 1988. A procedure for linking psychosocial job characteristics data to health surveys. Am J Pub Health 78:904-9.
  102. Siegrist J, Peter R, Junge A, Cremer P, Seidel D. 1990. Low status control, high effort at work and ischemic heart disease: Prospective evidence from blue-collar men. Soc Sci Med 31:1127-34.
  103. Steptoe A. 1981. Psychological Factors in Cardiovascular Disorders. London: Academic Press.
  104. Stern FB, Halperin WE, Hornung RW, Ringenburg VL, McCammon CS. 1988. Heart disease mortality among bridge and tunnel officers exposed to carbon monoxide. Am J Epidemiol 128:1276-88.
  105. Talbott E, Helkamp J, Matthews K, Kuller L, Cottington E, Redmond G. 1985. Occupational noise exposure, noise-induced hearing loss, and the epidemiology of high blood pressure. Am J Epidemiol 121:501-14.
  106. Theorell T. 1990. Family history of hypertension — an individual trait interacting with spontaneously occurring job stressors. Scand J Work Environ Health 16(suppl 1):74-9.
  107. Theorell TG, Ahlberg-Hulten G, Jodko M, Sigala F, Soderholm M, de la Torre B. 1993. Blood pressure levels during work hours in female hospital personnel — the influence of job strain and emotion. Scand J Work Environ Health. In press
  108. Theorell T, deFaire U, Johnson J, Hall EM, Perski A, Stewart W. 1991. Job strain and ambulatory blood pressure profiles. Scand J Work Environ Health 17:380-85.
  109. Theorell T, Hamsten A, de Faire U, Orth-Gomer K, Perski A. 1987. Psychosocial work conditions before myocardial infarction in young men. Int J Cardiol 15:33-46.
  110. Theorell T, Hjemdahl P, Ericsson F, Kallner A, Knox S, Perski A, Svensson J, Tidgren B, Waller D. 1985. Psychosocial and physiological factors in relation to blood pressure at rest — A study of Swedish men in the upper twenties. J Hypertens 3:591-600.
  111. Theorell T, Karasek RA, Eneroth P. 1990. Job strain variations in relation to plasma testosterone fluctuations in working men – a longitudinal study. J Internal Med 227:31-36.
  112. Theorell T, Knox S, Svensson J, Waller D. 1985. Blood pressure variations during a working day at age 28: Effects of different types of work and blood pressure level at age 18. J Human Stress 11:36-41.
  113. Theorell T, Perski A, Akerstedt T, Sigala F, Ahlberg-Hulten G, Svensson J, Eneroth P. 1988. Changes in job strain in relation to changes in physiological states. Scand J Work Eviron Health 14:189-96.
  114. Theorell T, Perski A, Orth-Gomer K, Hamsten A, deFaire U. 1991. The effect of returning to job strain on cardiac death risk after a first myocardial infarction before age 45. Int J Cardiol 30:61-67.
  115. Van Egeren LF. 1992. The relationship between job strain and blood pressure at work, at home, and during sleep. Psychosom Med 54:337-43.
  116. Wartenberg D, Northridge M. 1991. Defining exposure in case-control studies: A new approach. Am J Epidemiol 133:1058-71.
  117. Watson D, Pennebaker JW. 1989. Health complaints, stress and distress: Exploring the central role of negative affectivity. Psychol Review 96:234-54.
  118. Wilcosky TC, Simonsen NR. 1991. Solvent exposure and cardiovascular disease. Am J Ind Med 19:569-86.
  119. Williams R. 1989. The Trusting Heart. New York: Times Books.
  120. Alterman T, Shekelle RB, Vernon SW, Burau KD. 1994. Decision latitude, psychologic demand, job strain and coronary heart disease in the Western Electric Study. American Journal of Epidemiology 139:620-7.
  121. Blumenthal JA, Thyrum ET, Siegal WC. 1995. Contribution of job strain, job status and marital status to laboratory and ambulatory blood pressure in patients with mild hypertension. J Psychosom Res Feb;39(2):133-44
  122. Braun S, Hollander R. 1987. A study of job stress among women and men in the Federal Republic of Germany. Health Education Research 2:45-51.
  123. Edwards JR, Van Harrison R. 1993. Job demands and worker health: three dimensional reexamination of the relationship between person-environment fit and strain. J Appl Psychol Aug;78(4):628-48.
  124. Hall EM, Johnson JV, Tsou T-S. 1993. Women, occupation, and risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews 8:709-19.
  125. Henrikson TB, Hedegaard M, Secher NJ. 1994. The relation between psychosocial job strain, and preterm delivery and low birthweight for gestational age. Int J Epidemiol Aug;23(4):764-74.
  126. Hlatky MA, Lam LC, Lee KL, Clapp-Channing NE, Williams RB, Pryor DB, Califf RM, Mark DB. 1995. Job strain and the prevalence and outcome of coronary artery disease. Circulation 92:327-333.
  127. Houston BK, Cates DS, Kelly KE. 1992. Job stress, psychosocial strain, and physical health problems in women employed full time outside the home and homemakers. Women’s Health 19(1):1-26.
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