D i r k v a n D i e r e n d o n c k
Helen Dowling Institute
W i l m a r B . S c h a u f e l i
B r a m E B u u n k
University o f Groningen
This study evaluated a 5-week, group-based burnout intervention progr am among direct-care professionals working with mentally disabled individuals. Equity theory was used as the theoretical framework. The main objective o f the progr am was to reduce perceptions of inequity in the relationship with the organization and with the recipients o f care by increasing the fit between the professional’s goals and expectations and the actual work situation. One experimental group and 2 control groups participated. All 3 groups filled out 3 questionnaires: be for e the progr am started, 6 months later, and 1 year later. Individual absenteeism rates were assessed for 1 year before and after the program. Results showed that in the experimental group burnout, absence, and deprived feelings diminished compared with the control groups. The most profound effects were among participants who could draw on social resources to benefit f rom the intervention.